Bosnia’s Muslims and Croats vote for independence from Yugoslavia in a referendum boycotted by the majority of the Serbs
Bosnia’s independence is recognized by the EU
War begins, the Serbs siege Sarajevo and quickly control over half of the republic
Sanctions are imposed on Serbia for backing rebel Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia
Fighting starts between Croats and Muslims, who were previously allied against Serbs. Peace efforts fail
Muslims and Serbs form an alliance against Croats in Herzegovina, rival Muslim forces fight one another in north-west Bosnia and Croats and Serbs fight Muslims in central Bosnia
The UN declare safe areas in eastern Bosnia: Srebrenica, Zepa, Gorazde, and Sarajevo
UNPROFOR troops are deployed to stop the Bosnian Serb Army attacks
The first Markale massacre in Sarajevo killing 68 and 144 injured
Muslim-Croat federation is created and fighting stops due to US brokered agreement
Bosnian Serbs agree to four-month ceasefire with Bosnian Muslims, hoping for further negotiations
Bosnian Serb President, Radovan Karadzic orders the isolation of Zepa and Srebrenica. The area is cut-off and aid is prevented from reaching them.
Bosnian Serb forces shell the town of Tuzla killing 71 and injuring 240
Bosnian Serbs also take 370 UN members hostage, keeping them hostage for almost a month
General Mladic orders Bosnian Serb troops capture the ‘safe area’ of Srebrenica. Thousands of Bosnian Muslim men and boys are separated from their families and massacred all under the watch of the Dutch UN peacekeeping troops.
The second Markale massacre in Sarajevo killing 38 and leaving 75 injured
NATO airstrikes begin against Bosnian Serb forces
Ceasefire comes into force throughout all of Bosnia, brokered by the US
Following 17 days of negotiations, the Dayton Peace Accords are signed in Dayton, Ohio by Bosnian Muslim President Izetbegovic, Croatian President Tudjman and Serbian President Milosevic
The peace accords created two entities; one for Muslims and Croats and the other for Serbs
Peace Accords are signed in Paris by the three leaders.
NATO peacekeeping Implementation Force (IFOR) arrive in Bosnia and the international community establishes a permanent presence. Later taken over by the European Union
Karadzic is forced to step down as Bosnian Serb president
In the first post-war elections the nationalist win